Koboi Balik Lagi suggests that home lies as much in close personal relationships as in place. This metonymic sense of nation is exemplified in 4 Ikatan Pertiwi (4 Ties of Nation) in which Malaysia is embodied in the Koboi's relatives. The ‘Chinese’ gentleman in the photograph, Uncle Kay Kim, is related to the ‘Indians’ - my parents, my cousin Gana and her husband Jega, by marriage. Contrary to appearances, he is family.  He belongs to the long settled Peranakan diaspora, which has oriented itself to the informing images of Malay culture and identity. Such is the nation. Indeed, Tan Sri Khoo Kay Kim is Malaysia’s pioneering and pre-eminent historian. Among his many contributions to public life is his co-authorship of the foundational Rukunegara or National Principles, instituted after the racial riots of May 13th 1969.​ A photograph of Uncle Kay Kim, standing close by, signifies Malaysia as well as any wide vista or landscape.

Bahawasanya Negara Kita mendukung cita-cita hendak:

  • mencapai perpaduan yang lebih erat di kalangan seluruh masyarakatnya;

  • memelihara satu cara hidup demokratik;

  • mencipta satu masyarakat adil di mana kemakmuran Negara akan dapat dinikmati bersama secara adil dan saksama;

  • menjamin satu cara liberal terhadap tradisi-tradisi kebudayaannya yang kaya dan berbagai corak; dan

  • membina satu masyarakat progresif yang akan menggunakan sains dan teknologi moden.

 

Maka kami, rakyat Malaysia, berikrar akan menumpukan seluruh tenaga dan usaha kami untuk mencapai cita-cita tersebut berdasarkan atas prinsip-prinsip yang berikut :

  • Kepercayaan kepada Tuhan;

  • Kesetiaan kepada Raja dan Negara;

  • Keluhuran Perlembagaan;

  • Kedaulatan Undang-Undang;

  • Kesopanan dan Kesusilaan

Our nation, Malaysia, being dedicated:

  • to achieving a greater unity of all her peoples;

  • to maintaining a democratic way of life;

  • to creating a just society in which the wealth of the nation shall be equitably shared;

  • to ensuring a liberal approach to her rich and diverse cultural traditions;

  • to building a progressive society which shall be oriented to modern science and technology;

 

We, her peoples, pledge our united efforts to attain these ends guided by these principles:

  • Belief in God

  • Loyalty to King and Country

  • Upholding the Constitution

  • Rule of Law

  • Good Behaviour and Morality

https://www.malaysia.gov.my/public/cms/article/page/275/

http://www.perdana.org.my/spotlight2/item/rukun-negara-the-national-principle-of-malaysia