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The mango whose botanical name is Mangifera indica is native to the Indian subcontinent. It is named (Amra) in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad which is dated around 700 BCE. This particular strain was developed by the Portuguese who wanted a firmer fruit to bring to market in Europe. Aditi Shah cites Y L Nene who holds that Jesuit priests began experimenting with grafting techniques in Goa between 650 and 675 CE. Emergent varieties were given Portuguese names like Peres, Rebello, Ferdinanda, Phillipina and Antonio. It is the Alphonso, named after Afonso de Albuquerque, that has survived to become the King of Mangoes.

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